CBSE Sociology Class 12th Syllabus 2019-20

Unit Topic Marks
A. Indian Society 32
1 Introducing Indian Society (Non-evaluative)
2 Demographic Structure & Indian Society 6
3 Social Institutions-Continuity and change 6
4 Market as a Social Institution 6
5 Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion 6
6 Challenges of Cultural Diversity 8
7 Suggestions for Project Work (Non-evaluative)
B. Change and Development in Indian Society 48 
8 Structural Change 6
9 Cultural Change 6
10 The Story of Democracy 6
11 Change and Development in Rural Society 6
12 Change and Development in Industrial Society 6
13 Globalization and Social Change 6
14 Mass Media and Communications 6
15 Social Movements 6
  Total 80



Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society 

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Theories and concepts in demography
  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  •  Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy.
  • Globalization – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets.

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women’s Equality
  • The struggles of the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

  • Cultural communities and the nation state
  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism and Casteism
  • The Nation state, religion related issues and identities
  • Communalism, secularism and the nation state
  • State and Civil Society

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work


Unit 8: Structural Change 

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9: Cultural Change 

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws

Unit 10: The Story of Democracy 

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society 

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
  • Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
  • Land Reforms
  • Green revolution and its social consequencess
  • Transformation in Rural Society
  • Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society

Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society 

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Getting a Job
  • Work Processes

Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change

  • Dimensions of Globalization

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication

  • Types of Mass Media: Radio, Television and Print Media
  • Changing Nature of Mass Media

Unit 15: Social Movements 

  • Theories and Classification of Social Movements
  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
  • Women’s Movements in Independent India
  • Tribal Movements
  • Environmental Movements



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