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Real Numbers Ex-1.2 Ch-1 [Solutions] NCERT Maths Class 10th

Exercise 1.2

Q1. Express each number as product of its prime factors:
(i) 140
(ii) 156
(iii) 3825
(iv) 5005
(v) 7429

Answer (i) 140 = 2 × 2 × 5 × 7 = 22 × 5 × 7
(ii) 156 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 13 = 22 × 3 × 13
(iii) 3825 = 3 × 3 × 5 × 5 × 17 = 32 × 52 × 17
(iv) 5005 = 5 × 7 × 11 × 13
(v) 7429 = 17 × 19 × 23

Q2. Find the LCM and HCF of the following pairs of integers and verify that LCM × HCF = product of the two numbers.
(i) 26 and 91
(ii) 510 and 92
(iii) 336 and 54

Answer:

(i) 26 = 2 × 13
91 =7 × 13
HCF = 13
LCM =2 × 7 × 13 =182
Product of two numbers 26 × 91 = 2366
Product of HCF and LCM 13 × 182 = 2366
Hence, product of two numbers = product of HCF × LCM

(ii) 510 = 2 × 3 × 5 × 17
92 =2 × 2 × 23
HCF = 2
LCM =2 × 2 × 3 × 5 × 17 × 23 = 23460
Product of two numbers 510 × 92 = 46920
Product of HCF and LCM 2 × 23460 = 46920
Hence, product of two numbers = product of HCF × LCM

(iii) 336 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 7
54 = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3
HCF = 2 × 3 = 6
LCM = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 7 =3024
Product of two numbers 336 × 54 =18144
Product of HCF and LCM 6 × 3024 = 18144
Hence, product of two numbers = product of HCF × LCM.

Q3. Find the LCM and HCF of the following integers by applying the prime factorization method.
(i) 12, 15 and 21
(ii) 17, 23 and 29
(iii) 8, 9 and 25

Answer

(i) 12 = 2 × 2 × 3
15 =3 × 5
21 =3 × 7
HCF = 3
LCM = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5 × 7 = 420

(ii) 17 = 1 × 17
23 = 1 × 23
29 = 1 × 29
HCF = 1
LCM = 1 × 17 × 19 × 23 = 11339

(iii) 8 =1 × 2 × 2 × 2
9 =1 × 3 × 3
25 =1 × 5 × 5
HCF =1
LCM = 1 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 5 × 5 = 1800

Q4. Given that HCF (306, 657) = 9, find LCM (306, 657).

Answer: We have the formula that
Product of LCM and HCF = product of number
LCM × 9 = 306 × 657
Divide both side by 9 we get
LCM = (306 × 657) / 9 = 22338

Q5. Check whether 6n can end with the digit 0 for any natural number n.

Answer: If any digit has last digit 10 that means it is divisible by 10 and the factors of 10 = 2 × 5.
So value 6n should be divisible by 2 and 5 both 6n is divisible by 2 but not divisible by 5 So it can not end with 0.

Q6. Explain why 7 × 11 × 13 + 13 and 7 × 6 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1 + 5 are composite numbers.

Answer: 7 × 11 × 13 + 13
Taking 13 common, we get
13 (7 x 11 +1 )
13(77 + 1 )
13 (78)
It is product of two numbers and both numbers are more than 1 so it is a composite number.

7 × 6 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1 + 5
Taking 5 common, we get
5(7 × 6 × 4 × 3 × 2 × 1 +1)
5(1008 + 1)
5(1009)
It is product of two numbers and both numbers are more than 1 so it is a composite number.

7. There is a circular path around a sports field. Sonia takes 18 minutes to drive one round of the field, while Ravi takes 12 minutes for the same. Suppose they both start at the same point and at the same time, and go in the same direction. After how many minutes will they meet again at the starting point?

Answer: They will be meet again after LCM of both values at the starting point.
18 = 2 × 3 × 3
12 = 2 × 2 × 3
LCM = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 = 36
Therefore, they will meet together at the starting point after 36 minutes.

 



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